Tax revenues pay for many public services, including roads, health care, and education. However, it has become a contentious political issue of public debate. In this volume, Stephen Smith explains the role that taxes play in a modern economy and describes some of the main taxes used by most developed and developing countries. It considers the key issues: the question of where the burden of taxation really lies, how taxation affects the economy, and the effects of tax evasion and tax avoidance.
A groundbreaking reference, this book provides a comprehensive review of tax policy from political, legal, constitutional, administrative, and economic perspectives. A collection of writings from over 45 prominent tax experts, it charts the influence of taxation on economic activity and economic behavior. Featuring over 2400 references, tables, equations, and drawings, the book describes how taxes affect individual and business behavior, shows how taxes operate as work and investment incentives, explains how tax structures impact different income groups, weighs the balanced use of sales, property, and personal income taxes, traces the influence of recent tax changes, and more.
This concise book on the development of the U.S. tax system traces taxation from the Ancient Egyptians through the Chinese, Indian, Ancient Greeks, Romans, Incas, Britons, United Kingdom, and the U.S. A quick overview of laws and the reasons behind their enactment is included.
This Book Attempts To Deal With All The Important Aspects Of Taxation From The Earliest Times In India Upto The Gupta Period. Besides, It Aims To Present A Comparative Study Of The Priciples And Tenets Of Ancient Indian Tax System And The Modern Fiscal Developments.
The book summarizes the main features of the Netherlands tax system. It provides foreign investors and business people with basic information on the tax implications of their business plans in the Netherlands. The various chapters deal with the General Tax Act, individual income tax, corporate income tax, wage tax, the social security system, dividend withholding tax, VAT, estate tax, gift tax, transfer tax, insurance tax, international and European tax law.
Marginal income tax rates in advanced industrial countries have fallen dramatically since the mid-1980s, but levels and progressivity of income taxation continue to differ strongly across countries. This study offers a new perspective on both observations. It blends theoretical inquiry with focused quantitative analysis and in-depth investigation of seven countries: Germany, Australia and New Zealand as well as Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. The Politics of Income Taxation highlights the equity-efficiency tradeoffs that structure the politics of income taxation, and analyses how income taxes are embedded in broader tax systems. It explains the limited but enduring importance of political parties and democratic institutions. Finally, the study paints a nuanced picture of the role of globalisation and thus sheds light on the pros and cons of tax coordination at European and international levels.