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The Dynamic Structure of the Deep Earth
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 241

The Dynamic Structure of the Deep Earth

The study of the structure and dynamics of Earth's deep interior represents one of the most active frontiers of Earth sciences. This book provides a definitive summary of current research in this field, which is revealing many surprises. In a thorough, immensely informed, yet easy-to-understand presentation, Shun-ichiro Karato deftly integrates the atomic-level description of Earth materials that mineral physics addresses with global-scale modeling and observations on mantle and core dynamics that are the purview of seismology and geodynamics. He depicts an Earth whose interior is as active as its surface, and whose processes in the deep interior often control surface dynamics. The richly va...

Physics and Chemistry of the Deep Earth
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 402

Physics and Chemistry of the Deep Earth

Though the deep interior of the Earth (and other terrestrial planets) is inaccessible to humans, we are able to combine observational, experimental and computational (theoretical) studies to begin to understand the role of the deep Earth in the dynamics and evolution of the planet. This book brings together a series of reviews of key areas in this important and vibrant field of studies. A range of material properties, including phase transformations and rheological properties, influences the way in which material is circulated within the planet. This circulation re-distributes key materials such as volatiles that affect the pattern of materials circulation. The understanding of deep Earth structure and dynamics is a key to the understanding of evolution and dynamics of terrestrial planets, including planets orbiting other stars. This book contains chapters on deep Earth materials, compositional models, and geophysical studies of material circulation which together provide an invaluable synthesis of deep Earth research. Readership: advanced undergraduates, graduates and researchers in geophysics, mineral physics and geochemistry.

Deformation of Earth Materials
  • Language: en

Deformation of Earth Materials

This graduate textbook presents a comprehensive, unified treatment of the materials science of deformation as applied to solid Earth geophysics and geology. The deformation of Earth materials is presented in a systematic way covering elastic, anelastic and viscous deformation. Advanced discussions on relevant debates are also included to bring readers a full picture of science in this interdisciplinary area. This textbook is ideal for graduate courses on the rheology and dynamics of solid Earth, and includes review questions with solutions so readers can monitor their understanding of the material presented. It is also a much-needed reference for geoscientists in many fields including geology, geophysics, geochemistry, materials science, mineralogy and ceramics.

Superplumes: Beyond Plate Tectonics
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 569

Superplumes: Beyond Plate Tectonics

This abundantly illustrated book provides a concise overview of our understanding of the entire mantle, its evolution since early differentiation and the consequences of superplumes for earth surface processes. The book’s balanced authorship has produced a state-of-the-science report on the emerging concept of superplumes. This presents a new concept to explain catastrophic events on Earth through geologic time.

Earth's Core
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 277

Earth's Core

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geodynamics Series, Volume 31. Geomagnetism, dynamo theory, seismology, geodesy, and mineral physics each present significant perspectives on Earth's core. When interelated, scientists gain and invaluable vantage from which to understans the evolution, dynamics, and state of the core. Earth's Core: Dynamics, Structure, Rotation presents a synthesis of current understanding in proactive analyses of Earth core phenomena, including research in core composition, wave-speed variation, magnetic field signatures, core mantle boundary issues, and more.

U.S. National Report to International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics
  • Language: en
Q of the Earth: Global, Regional, and Laboratory Studies
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 498

Q of the Earth: Global, Regional, and Laboratory Studies

  • Type: Book
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  • Published: 2012-12-06
  • -
  • Publisher: Birkhäuser

Variations in seismic Q are sensitive to a much greater extent than are seismic velocity variations on factors such as temperature, fluid content, and the movement of solid state defects in the earth. For that reason an understanding of Q and its variation with position in the earth and with time should provide information in earth's tectonic evolution, as well as on aspects of its internal structure. Progress in understanding Q has suffered from difficulty in obtaining reliable amplitude data at global and temporary stations. Moreover, laboratory determinations of Q, until recently, were most often made at frequencies much higher than those measured by seismologists for waves propagating th...

Radio Science
  • Language: en

Radio Science

  • Type: Book
  • -
  • Published: 2003
  • -
  • Publisher: Unknown

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Bibliographic Index
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 26

Bibliographic Index

  • Type: Book
  • -
  • Published: 2006
  • -
  • Publisher: Unknown

None

Water in Nominally Anhydrous Minerals
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 478

Water in Nominally Anhydrous Minerals

"The review chapters in this volume were the basis for a four day short course on Water in ..., held in Verbania, Lago Maggiore, Italy (October 1-4, 2006)"--P. [v].