This well established text provides a comprehensive and sophisticated analysis of state and local government public finance practices and issues using the basic tools of economics. Throughout the book, there is a focus on the most important services provided in the state-local sector – education, health and welfare, public safety, and transportation. This fully revised new edition sees updates throughout to data, topics, and applications. The text has been brought up to date with key issues including the effects of the financial crisis on state and local governments, the Affordable Care Act and implications for Medicaid spending by state governments, and the impact of changes in population, technology and the housing market.
Organizations today have access to vast stores of data that come in a wide variety of forms and may be stored in places ranging from file cabinets to databases, and from library shelves to the Internet. The enormous growth in the quantity of data, however, has brought with it growing problems with the quality of information, further complicated by the struggles many organizations are experiencing as they try to improve their systems for knowledge management and organizational memory. Failure to manage information properly, or inaccurate data, costs businesses billions of dollars each year. This volume presents cutting-edge research on information quality. Part I seeks to understand how data can be measured and evaluated for quality. Part II deals with the problem of ensuring quality while processing data into information a company can use. Part III presents case studies, while Part IV explores organizational issues related to information quality. Part V addresses issues in information quality education.
The text is written at an appropriate level for undergraduates and public administration students. The engaging text covers an appropriate range of material and is sufficiently supported by internal pedagogy. It assumes a basic knowledge of economic principles, specifically microeconomics, by the student, although any higher-level concepts are presented in appendices when needed. Generally, the text covers complex policy issues using relatively basic concepts, which makes it perfect for economics majors early in their studies as well as graduate students in Public Administration.
An interdisciplinary case study of a project to dam the Narmada River in central and western India so that it can be used productively. Diverse opinions of proponents and opponents are expressed, as are studies on human rights of disadvantaged groups displaced by the work.
This beautifully illustrated book features 93 species of reptiles and amphibians found in Canada, including skinks, salamanders, horned lizards, pit vipers, boas, frogs and a host of other fascinating creatures. A range map is included for each primary species.
Despite the obvious importance of eyewitness information in criminal investigation, police receive surprisingly little instruction on how to conduct an effective interview with a cooperative eyewitness. More than half of police departments have no formal training whatsoever for newly appointed investigators. Most texts in police science either completely omit the issue of effective interviewing techniques or provide only superficial coverage. This manual provides guiding principles to effective interviewing, with specific techniques to be used and others to be avoided. There are principles of memory retrieval so that the reader will understand why to employ specific techniques -- for example, when to use open-ended versus direct short-answer questions, effective use of pauses, asking follow-up questions, cues to name and number recall, etc. There is the strategy of interview sequential structure -- that is, what to probe for at the beginning, middle, and end of the interview. Also included are practical exercises and real-world experiences. The book will also be helpful for attorneys in conducting investigative interviews.
The main objective of this book is to restate the important theories and evidence from economic analysis concerning intergovernmental fiscal issues. More importantly, the second objective of the book is to identify gaps in knowledge, empirical uncertainties, and missing theoretical structures and then to establish a preliminary agenda for new research on this topic. The book is organized in two sections. The first covers the core body of intergovernmental fiscal relations, including optimal size for jurisdictions and assignment of public sector functions, the formulation and execution of tax policy in an intergovernmental setting, and the appropriate structure and use of intergovernmental tr...
State and local government fiscal systems have increasingly become vulnerable to economic changes. Over the past three decades, state and local deficits during economic recession have been larger and deeper each time. The impact of the Great Recession and its aftermath of feeble growth and lingering high unemployment has been dramatic both in scope and intensity. Before the crisis, long-term structural deficits were persistent for both individual governments and the entire sector as spending plans and patterns outpaced governments' revenue-generating capacity. The revenue systems of these governments eroded while the workloads and scope on the expenditure side of the state and local system b...