Since its original publication in France in 1963, Pierre Hadot's lively philosophical portrait of Plotinus remains the preeminent introduction to the man and his thought. Michael Chase's lucid translation—complete with a useful chronology and analytical bibliography—at last makes this book available to the English-speaking world. Hadot carefully examines Plotinus's views on the self, existence, love, virtue, gentleness, and solitude. He shows that Plotinus, like other philosophers of his day, believed that Plato and Aristotle had already articulated the essential truths; for him, the purpose of practicing philosophy was not to profess new truths but to engage in spiritual exercises so as to live philosophically. Seen in this light, Plotinus's counsel against fixation on the body and all earthly matters stemmed not from disgust or fear, but rather from his awareness of the negative effect that bodily preoccupation and material concern could have on spiritual exercises.
Pierre Hadot shows how the various schools, trends, and ideas of ancient Greek and Roman philosophy all strove to transform the individual s mode of perceiving and being in the world. For the ancients, philosophical theory and the philosophical way of life were inseparably linked. Hadot asks us to consider whether and how this connection might be reestablished today."
Pierre Hadot desenvolveu uma visão original da filosofia antiga, entendida como modo de vida. A filosofia não é um sistema, mas um exercício espiritual preparatório para a sabedoria. O livro 'Exercícios espirituais e filosofia antiga' apresenta as grandes linhas desta tese, evidenciando sua aplicação em diferentes correntes da filosofia antiga e em diversos autores, notadamente Marco Aurélio. Mas a lição da filosofia antiga teria ficado somente no passado? Hadot dialoga com a contemporaneidade, mostrando que traços importantes da filosofia entendida como modo de vida permanecem ainda em nosso mundo, como se percebe pelo debate que realizou com Michel Foucault.
This carefully curated collection of writings from Pierre Hadot (1992-2010) presents, for the first time, previously unreleased and/or untranslated materials from one of the world's most prominent classical philosophers and historians of thought. As a passionate proponent of philosophy as a 'way of life' (most powerfully communicated in the life of Socrates), Pierre Hadot rejuvenated interest in the ancient philosophers and developed a philosophy based on their work which is peculiarly contemporary. His radical recasting of philosophy in the West was both provocative and substantial. Indeed, Michel Foucault cites Pierre Hadot as a major influence on his work. This beautifully written, lucid collection of writings will not only be of interest to historians, classicists and philosophers but also those interested in nourishing, as Pierre Hadot himself might have put it, a 'spiritual life'.
The Meditations of Marcus Aurelius are treasured today--as they have been over the centuries--as an inexhaustible source of wisdom. And as one of the three most important expressions of Stoicism, this is an essential text for everyone interested in ancient religion and philosophy. Yet the clarity and ease of the work's style are deceptive. Pierre Hadot, eminent historian of ancient thought, uncovers new levels of meaning and expands our understanding of its underlying philosophy. Written by the Roman emperor for his own private guidance and self-admonition, the Meditations set forth principles for living a good and just life. Hadot probes Marcus Aurelius's guidelines and convictions and disc...
This book presents a history of spiritual exercises from Socrates to early Christianity, an account of their decline in modern philosophy, and a discussion of the different conceptions of philosophy that have accompanied the trajectory and fate of the theory and practice of spiritual exercises. Hadot's book demonstrates the extent to which philosophy has been, and still is, above all else a way of seeing and of being in the world.
Dans toutes les écoles seront ainsi pratiquées des exercices destinés à assurer le progrès spirituel vers l'état idéal de la sagesse, des exercices de la raison qui seront, pour l'âme, analogues à l'entraînement de l'athlète et aux pratiques d'une cure médicale. D'une manière générale, ils consistent surtout dan le contrôle de soi et dans la méditation. Le contrôle de soi est fondamentalement attention à soi-même : vigilance tendue dans le stoïcisme, renoncement aux désirs superflus dans l'épicurisme.
Nearly twenty-five hundred years ago the Greek thinker Heraclitus supposedly uttered the cryptic words "Phusis kruptesthai philei." How the aphorism, usually translated as "Nature loves to hide," has haunted Western culture ever since is the subject of this engaging study by Pierre Hadot. Taking the allegorical figure of the veiled goddess Isis as a guide, and drawing on the work of both the ancients and later thinkers such as Goethe, Rilke, Wittgenstein, and Heidegger, Hadot traces successive interpretations of Heraclitus' words. Over time, Hadot finds, "Nature loves to hide" has meant that all that lives tends to die; that Nature wraps herself in myths; and (for Heidegger) that Being unvei...
For Michel Foucault, philosophy was a way of questioning the allegedly necessary truths that underpin the practices and institutions of modern society. He carried this out in a series of deeply original and strikingly controversial studies on the origins of modern medical and social scientific disciplines. These studies have raised fundamental questions about the nature of human knowledge and its relation to power structures, and have become major topics of discussion throughout the humanities and social sciences. The essays in this volume provide a comprehensive overview of Foucault's major themes and texts, from his early work on madness through his history of sexuality. Special attention is also paid to thinkers and movements, from Kant through current feminist theory, that are particularly important for understanding his work and its impact. This revised edition contains five new essays and revisions of many others, and the extensive bibliography has been updated.
Estos Ejercicios espirituales tienen poco que ver con las piadosas y arduas meditaciones de Ignacio de Loyola, que no son sino un lejano eco, muy deformado, de la antigua tradición. Y es que estas tareas del yo en relación con el propio yo, que aparecen ya en los primeros filósofos griegos y que cobran enorme importancia en los diálogos socráticos y platónicos, en las Cartas de Epicuro o de Séneca, en las Meditaciones de Marco Aurelio, en los tratados de Plotino o en determinados autores modernos como Montaigne, Descartes, Kant, Michelet, Bergson, Friedmann o Foucault, pueden seguir practicándose. ¿No sería entonces lo esencial de la filosofía ese constante cuestionamiento de nuestra relación con nosotros mismos, con el otro y con el mundo?