This physics extension file includes teaching notes, guidance on coursework activities and equipment. It has at least one assignment for each topic in the textbooks - suitable for classwork and homework. A comprehensive range of practical activities are included. It contains extensive Key Skills and ICT materials. An exam file resource containing a complete set of exam style questions, in a format that can be used throughout Years 10 and 11, or as a resource for a revision programme is included.
The latest edition of an established reference work for the physics community, presenting comprehensive details of research and development work in physics undertaken at universities in Britain and Ireland. The entry for each institution/department outlines the research programmes and lists the senior staff involved. Comprehensively cross-referenced by a subject index, this directory facilitates channels of communication between research groups and is particularly useful to overseas physicists and to those working in industrial or government research laboratories. It also serves as a useful guide to postgraduate, postdoctoral and sabbatical opportunities.
The forefront of contemporary advances in physics lies in the submicroscopic regime, whether it be in atomic, nuclear, condensed-matter, plasma, or particle physics, or in quantum optics, or even in the study of stellar structure. All are based upon quantum theory (i.e., quantum mechanics and quantum field theory) and relativity, which together form the theoretical foundations of modern physics. Many physical quantities whose classical counterparts vary continuously over a range of possible values are in quantum theory constrained to have discontinuous, or discrete, values. The intrinsically deterministic character of classical physics is replaced in quantum theory by intrinsic uncertainty. According to quantum theory, electromagnetic radiation does not always consist of continuous waves; instead, it must be viewed under some circumstances as a collection of particle-like photons, the energy and momentum of each being directly proportional to its frequency (or inversely proportional to its wavelength, the photons still possessing some wavelike characteristics).