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Surface Transportation
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 53

Surface Transportation

To help meet increasing transportation demands, the Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU) created three programs to invest federal funds in national and regional transportation infrastructure. This report provides: (1) an overview of the goals, funding status, and types of projects and activities funded by the three programs; (2) advantages and challenges identified by program stakeholders; and (3) potential program enhancements. The auditor reviewed pertinent federal laws and rules; examined plans for selected projects; conducted site visits; and interviewed officials, stakeholders, and experts. Includes recommendations. Charts and tables.

U. S. Postal Service: Restructuring Urgently Needed to Achieve Financial Viability
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 11

U. S. Postal Service: Restructuring Urgently Needed to Achieve Financial Viability

The U.S. Postal Service¿s (USPS) financial condition has worsened since Jan. 2009, with the recession and changing mail use causing dramatic declines in mail volume and revenues despite postal rate increases. USPS expects these declines to lead to losses and cash shortfalls even if ambitious cost-cutting is achieved. USPS¿s business model has relied on growth in mail volume to cover costs, but USPS has not been able to cut costs fast enough to offset the accelerated decline in mail volume and revenue. This testimony: (1) updates USPS¿s financial condition and outlook and explains the decision to place USPS¿s financial condition on the High-Risk List; and (2) presents options and actions that the USPS can take. Charts and tables.

U. S. Postal Service: Financial Crisis Demands Aggressive Action
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 13

U. S. Postal Service: Financial Crisis Demands Aggressive Action

The U.S. Postal Service's (USPS) financial condition and outlook deteriorated significantly during FY 2009. USPS was not able to cut costs fast enough to offset declining mail volume and revenues resulting from the economic recession and changes in the use of mail, such as electronic bill payment. The USPS needs to restructure to improve its financial viability. Declines in mail volume and revenue, large financial losses, increasing debt, and financial obligations will continue to challenge USPS. This testimony provides: (1) info. on USPS's financial condition and forecast; and (2) the need for USPS restructuring. In addition, questions and issues are included for Congress to consider regarding USPS's proposal to reduce delivery from 6 to 5 days.

U. S. Postal Service (USPS)
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 40

U. S. Postal Service (USPS)

The USPS's financial outlook has deteriorated as customers have shifted to electronic alternatives. Mail volumes have declined over 20% since FY 2006 and are expected to continue declining. To help its financial outlook, in March 2010, USPS presented a detailed proposal to move from a 6-day to a 5-day delivery schedule. USPS projected this would save about $3 billion annually and reduce mail volume by less than l%. This proposal factors in widespread changes to USPS's workforce and networks. This report assessed: (1) USPS's cost and volume estimates and the operational impacts associated with its 5-day delivery proposal; and (2) the trade-offs and other implications associated with this proposal. Illus. A print on demand report.

Highway Trust Fund Expenditures on Purposes Other Than Construction and Maintenance of Highways and Bridges During Fiscal Years 2004-2008
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 18

Highway Trust Fund Expenditures on Purposes Other Than Construction and Maintenance of Highways and Bridges During Fiscal Years 2004-2008

The Highway Trust Fund (HTF) was created in 1956 to finance the construction of the Interstate Highway System. The 2005 SAFETEA-LU Act authorized $244.1 billion over 5 years for highways, highway safety, and public transport. In addition to authorizing funds for construction and maint. of highways and bridges, the act specifies other purposes for which funding may be used, including safety; metro. planning; transit; and transport. enhancement activities, such as trails for transport. purposes, pedestrian walkways, bicycle lanes and parking, and related projects. This report provides info. on the amount of HTF monies the DoT agencies obligated for purposes other than construction and maint. of highways and bridges during fiscal years 2004-08.

U. S. Postal Service: Escalating Financial Problems Require Major Cost Reductions to Limit Losses
  • Language: en

U. S. Postal Service: Escalating Financial Problems Require Major Cost Reductions to Limit Losses

USPS's financial condition has deteriorated. Mail volume declined by a record 9.5 billion pieces (4.5%) in FY 2008, leading to a loss of $2.8 billion -- the second largest since 1971. This was largely due to declines in the economy, esp. in the financial and housing sectors, as well as shifts in transactions, messages, and advertising from mail to electronic alternatives. Declining mail volume flattened revenues despite rate increases, while USPS's cost-cutting efforts were insufficient to offset the impact of declining mail volume and rising costs in fuel and cost-of-living allowances for postal employees. This testimony focuses on: (1) USPS's financial condition and outlook; and (2) options for USPS to remain financially viable in the short and long term. Illus.

Transportation
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 21

Transportation

  • Type: Book
  • -
  • Published: 2012
  • -
  • Publisher: Unknown

None

U. S. Postal Service (USPS)
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 16

U. S. Postal Service (USPS)

The USPS's financial condition and outlook deteriorated sharply during FY 2007 through 2009. USPS actions to cut costs and increase revenues were insufficient to offset declines in mail volume and revenues. Mail volume declined 20% from FY 2006 to FY 2010. Volume declines resulted from the recession and changes in the use of mail as transactions and messages continued to shift to electronic alternatives. This trend exposes weaknesses in USPS's business model. This testimony discusses: (1) updated info. on USPS's financial condition and outlook; (2) the need to modernize and restructure USPS; and (3) key issues that need to be addressed by postal legislation. Charts and tables. This is a print on demand report.

Military Base Realignments and Closures
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 42

Military Base Realignments and Closures

As part of the 2005 Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) round, the DoD plans to relocate over 123,000 military and DoD civilian personnel, thereby increasing the staffing at 18 bases nationwide. In addition, DoD and local officials expect thousands of dependents and DoD contractor employees to relocate to communities near the BRAC 2005 growth bases. These actions will greatly increase traffic in the surrounding communities. This report assesses and reports on the impact of BRAC-related growth on transport. systems and on the responses of fed., state, and local governments. This report determined the: (1) expected impact on transport. in communities affected by BRAC decisions; and (2) fed., state, and local response to the expected impacts.

U. S. Postal Service: Financial Challenges Continue, with Relatively Limited Results from Recent Revenue-Generation Efforts
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 16

U. S. Postal Service: Financial Challenges Continue, with Relatively Limited Results from Recent Revenue-Generation Efforts

The U.S. Postal Service's (USPS) financial condition and outlook deteriorated significantly during FY 2009. USPS was not able to cut costs fast enough to offset declining mail vol. and revenues resulting from the economic downturn and changing mail use. USPS would not be able to make the $5.4 billion payment to prefund postal retiree health benefits that was due by the end of the year. This testimony: (1) updates USPS's financial condition and outlook; (2) describes changes made by the Postal Account. and Enhancement Act of 2006 that provided USPS with greater flexibility to generate revenues; (3) outlines USPS's revenue-generation actions and results using this flexibility; and (4) discusses options to generate increased revenues in the future.