This isn't how romantic tropical islands are supposed to be. Two vicious murders. Two bodies soaked in blood. In two hotel rooms separated by almost 2000 miles and five decades. A blood-stained photo of Amelia Earhart posing in front of a hospital in Saipan with someone gripping her arm. Trouble is, there's no evidence that Earhart was ever in Saipan. But if that's not her in the photo, who is it? And why would someone make it up? Three entwined stories come to an inevitable conclusion on Guam, the island that likes to say it is "Where America's Day Begins."
'Given the opportunity, everyone has an interesting story to tell.' Drawing on the stories told by 'ordinary' parents and children in order to learn more about how families function, Professor Smith illustrates how studies of representative samples of families, or normative studies, offer the potential to investigate family impacts and influences on children who are not flourishing. She uses several studies to illustrate the value of normative studies, for example investigations into children's normal experience of minor injuries and into the nature and extent of physical punishment in the home which both provided baseline data to help clarify aspects of child abuse. Family studies has methodological, practical and therapeutic, and policy significance. The studies described in this lecture feature multiple informants and self-versus-partner accounts of parenting behaviour; concordances in parenting behaviour; and the importance of the quality of relationships within the household. The lecture concludes with some comments on access to families, ethics, and the future of normative studies.
There have been a great many interventions designed to improve the life chances of young children in some way. Few of these have been properly evaluated, and not all have been shown to be effective. This review assesses the research evidence on what types of early interventions are most effective in preventing social exclusion outcomes, such as poor educational achievement. As well as looking at those evaluations that use rigorous experimental designs and have measurable outcomes, it includes some evaluations which are more suggestive of effectiveness but have not been fully evaluated. Interventions are broadly grouped into different tiers according to the intended target of the intervention, and from this some general characteristics of effective interventions are identified, as well as some features associated with the effectiveness of particular types of intervention.