A book which concentrates on the reflections of early American sociologists and their German colleagues or teachers who have contributed to the development of communication and mass communication in the US and elsewhere. It suggests that the intellectual history of the field may yield theoretical insights on the relationship between communication and advancement of society, which may in turn have consequences for the development of communication and mass communication research today. 'This is one of the more important bits of historical digging in some time...it helps to create a larger theoretical basis for historical studies in communication development.' -- Mass Media Booknotes, September 1979
What most of us know about media history begins and ends with Citizen Kane. The exploits of media moguls and visionary business leaders - these are the tales that fill media histories in the United States. What's missing is a crucial part of the picture : the rank and file of journalism, and the conditions under which they produced and participated in the business off journalism. Newsworkers supplies this side of the story. Focusing on the period from the 1850s through the 1930s, the contributors show how issues of labor and class have been far more important in the formation of media institutions than previous accounts concede. These essays recover the history of ethnic and cultural diversity - including the contributions of women - that have enriched the process of communication.
This book presents, for the first time in English, selections from Ferdinand Tonnies' classic Kritik der offentlichen Meinung (Critique of Public Opinion). Communication scholars Hanno Hardt and Slavko Splichal give a brief history of public opinion and provide the translation and original analyses of Tonnies' work, situating it theoretically and historically.
The development of communication studies has been a lively process of adoption and integration of theoretical constructs from Pragmatism, Critical Theory and Cultural Studies. Critical Communication Studies describes the intellectual and professional forces that have shaped research interests and formed alliances in the pursuit of particular goals. Hanno Hardt reflects on the need to come to terms with the role of history in academic work and locates the intellectual history within the context of competing social theories. The book provides a substantive foundation for understanding the field and will be a major text in all courses dealing with communication history and theory.
With a lively and engaging style, Myths for the Masses provides a critical, interdisciplinary, and historically informed statement about communication in contemporary life. Written by Hanno Hardt, one of the world’s leading authorities on the subject. Offers a comprehensive appraisal of mass communication. Provides a critical perspective on media and communication in society. Contains critical insights into the state of mass communication, democracy, and the construction of the self in society.
This wide-ranging collection explores the relations between photojournalism and history, investigating how photographs shape both what we remember and how we remember. Contributors discuss dramatic changes in the press's coverage of presidential death from McKinley through Kennedy and examine the selective use of picture postcards in World War I to support the particular image of the war effort that the government wished to cultivate. Other essays examine divergent public reactions to Edward Steichen's Family of Man exhibition and the curious distillation of enormous collections of war photographs -- from the Civil War, the Holocaust, and other cataclysmic events -- into a handful of images that have become cultural icons. Ranging from the rise of photojournalism in the 1930s and its idealization of American life to the issue of authenticity in documentary photography, Picturing the Past provides valuable insight into how photographs influence collective memory, generate a sense of national community, and reinforce prevailing social, cultural, and political values.
Enriched by critical theory and the insights of cultural studies, and rooted in the power of historical explanation, this collection of classic and new essays contributes to the theory and practice of critical studies in communication, media, and journalism. The volume helps develop alternative ways of thinking about communication and media practices at a time when the conditions of communication, participation, and democracy are threatened by commercial and political interests. It is grounded in a critical theory of the media that addresses the potential of liberating individuals consumers as well as newsworkers by challenging their traditional roles in the hegemonic relationship of media a...
Enriched by critical theory and the insights of cultural studies, and rooted in the power of historical explanation, this collection of classic and new essays contributes to the theory and practice of critical studies in communication, media, and journalism. The volume helps develop alternative ways of thinking about communication and media practices at a time when the conditions of communication, participation, and democracy are threatened by commercial and political interests. It is grounded in a critical theory of the media that addresses the potential of liberating individuals_consumers as well as newsworkers_by challenging their traditional roles in the hegemonic relationship of media and society. With its interdisciplinary vision, Interactions may be read as a critical intellectual history of the 20th century through the lens of media, communication, and popular culture and in relation to the role of the individual on the cusp of a new millennium.
The book samples the richness of the cultural discourse in the United States, Weimar Germany, and the Soviet Union and suggests the need for a decentered media history that relies on the process of articulation in society.
Hanno Hardt, grand specialiste americain de la communication et photographe de renom, collectionne depuis trente ans, dans l'ancien bloc communiste, des photographies de graffiti apposes sur des murs - des murs simples et banals, delites ou tenaces, que les gens transforment en un support eloquent pour exprimer leur enthousiasme ou leur opposition envers une vie meilleure - l'arrivee liberatrice du communisme en Yougoslavie et son effondrement angoisse en Allemagne de l'Est. Il a choisi ces deux pays opposes au sein meme de leur destin communiste pour reveler comment des graffiti constituent une experience de rhetorique populaire. En supplement des archives officielles, des documents ecrits et des narrations convenues, les graffiti proposent un autre repertoire rhetorique concernant la prise du pouvoir (Yougoslavie) et la chute du pouvoir (RDA). Ils sont la manifestation d'un mode expressif lie au pouvoir conjoint de l'image et du mot, l'une et l'autre saisis par le vif du sujet - le sujet politique pris lui-meme dans des bouleversements historiques, qui n'a pour exprimer sa presence au monde que l'inscription sauvage, le trait rapide, la figure rhetorique du graffiti.