This practical reference remains the most comprehensive guide to the fundamental theories, techniques, and strategies used for battery operation and design. It includes new and revised chapters focusing on the safety, performance, quality, and enhancement of various batteries and battery systems. From automotive, electrochemical, and high-energy applications to system implementation, selection, and standardization, the Second Edition presents expert discussions on electrochemical energy storage, the advantages of battery-powered traction, the disposal and recycling of used batteries, hazard prevention, and the chemistry and physics of lithium primary batteries.
A carefully selected compilation of the most relevant articles from the online edition of "ULLMANN's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry", this three-volume handbook contains a wealth of information on energy sources, energy generation and storage, fossil and renewable fuels as well as the associated processing technology. Fossil as well as renewable fuels, nuclear technology, power generation and storage technologies are treated side by side, providing a unique overview of the entire global energy industry. New or updated articles include such classical topics as coal technologies, oil and gas, as well as cutting-edge technologies, such as biogas, thermoelectricity and solar technology. The result is an in-depth survey of industrial-scale energy technology.
The first model for the distribution of ions near the surface of a metal electrode was devised by Helmholtz in 1874. He envisaged two parallel sheets of charges of opposite sign located one on the metal surface and the other on the solution side, a few nanometers away, exactly as in the case of a parallel plate capacitor. The rigidity of such a model was allowed for by Gouy and Chapman inde pendently, by considering that ions in solution are subject to thermal motion so that their distribution from the metal surface turns out diffuse. Stern recognized that ions in solution do not behave as point charges as in the Gouy-Chapman treatment, and let the center of the ion charges reside at some di...
Significant advances have been made in the development of maintenance-free batteries during the last few years. Written by an internationally known expert in the field, this book provides a comprehensive and up-to-date account of the theory and practice of the three main types of maintenance-free batteries based on aqueous electrolytes that are in use today. Since publication of the first edition in 1993, the book has been considerably revised and expanded and includes new material on nickel/metal hydride batteries and corrosion of electrodes. Special features of this book include: Describes fundamental features of lead-acid, nickel/cadmium, and nickel/metal hydride battery systems in detail. Relates quantitative electrochemical theory to the design and choice of appropriate batteries for the various applications. Includes numerous examples of applications of maintenance-free batteries - e.g. in the power supply, electronic equipment and telecommunications industries. Gives practical information on the parameters that influence the performance and characteristics of batteries and their behaviour in the field.