The aim of this study is to establish the co-operative communication strategies that are used in air traffic control (ATC) conversations. The research deals with the question: what kind of co-operative communication strategies do pilots and controllers employ in a speech situation with a restricted use of vocabulary, which generally does not permit any deviations from standard phraseology? The strategies in ATC speech are then compared to those used by second language learners. Faerch and Kasper's (1983) taxonomy of communication strategies will serve as a basis for this comparison. The author analyses authentic speech samples from various ATC workstations at Zurich Airport and evaluates various aspects of phraseology training of air traffic controllers.
With the rapidly increasing penetration of laptop computers and mobile phones, which are primarily used by mobile users to access Internet s- vices like e-mail and World Wide Web (WWW) access, support of Internet services in a mobile environment is an emerging requirement. Wireless n- works have been used for communication among fully distributed users in a multimedia environment that has the needs to provide real-time bursty traffic (such as voice or video) and data traffic with excellent reliability and service quality. To satisfy the huge wireless multimedia service demand and improve the system performance, efficient channel access methods and analytical methods must be provided. In this...
Promptly growing demand for telecommunication services and information interchange has led to the fact that communication became one of the most dynamical branches of an infrastructure of a modern society. The book introduces to the bases of classical MDP theory; problems of a finding optimal САС in models are investigated and various problems of improvement of characteristics of traditional and multimedia wireless communication networks are considered together with both classical and new methods of theory MDP which allow defining optimal strategy of access in teletraffic systems. The book will be useful to specialists in the field of telecommunication systems and also to students and post-graduate students of corresponding specialties.
One of the first books in the timely and important area of heavy traffic analysis of controlled and uncontrolled stochastics networks, by one of the leading authors in the field. The general theory is developed, with possibly state dependent parameters, and specialized to many different cases of practical interest.
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 4th International IFIP-TC6 Networking Conference, NETWORKING 2005, held in Waterloo, Canada in May 2005. The 105 revised full papers and 36 posters were carefully reviewed and selected from 430 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on peer-to-peer networks, Internet protocols, wireless security, network security, wireless performance, network service support, network modeling and simulation, wireless LAN, optical networks, Internet performance and Web applications, ad-hoc networks, adaptive networks, radio resource management, Internet routing, queuing models, monitoring, network management, sensor networks, overlay multicast, QoS, wirless scheduling, multicast traffic management and engineering, mobility management, bandwith management, DCMA, and wireless resource management.
This volume constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Advanced Communication and Networking, ACN 2011, held in Brno, Czech Republik, in June 2011. The 57 revised full papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. The papers focus on the various aspects of progress in Advanced Communication and Networking with computational sciences, mathematics and information technology and address all current issues of communication basic and infrastructure, networks basic and management, multimedia application, image, video, signal and information processing.