Eleven obituaries of recently deceased Fellows of the British Academy: Isaiah Berlin; Christopher Hill; Rodney Hilton; Keith Hopkins; Peter Laslett; Geoffrey Marshall; John Roskell; Isaac Schapera; Ben Segal; John Cyril Smith and Richard Wollheim.
Of the peoples of ancient Italy, only the Romans committed newly composed poems to writing, and for about 250 years Latin-speakers developed an impressive verse literature. The language had traditional resources of high style, e.g. alliteration, lexical and morphological archaism or grecism, and of course metaphor and word-order; and there were also less obvious resources in the technical vocabularies of law, philosophy, and medicine. The essays in this volume show how the poets in the classical period combined these elements, and so created a poetic medium that could comprehend satire, invective, erotic elegy, drama, lyric, and the grandest heroic epos. These wide-ranging studies will be essential reading for all students of Latin.
The evolution of Oriental Studies in Britain over the last century is traced in thirteen essays on key figures (twelve of them Fellows of the British Academy). They exemplify the outstanding contribution of British scholars to Oriental scholarship, within the general trend in the West to understand and interpret the civilisations of the East sympathetically. Through the careers and achievements of these influential scholars these essays shed light on studies ranging from Ancient Egyptian and Hebrew, through Arabic, Persian and Turkish, to Indology, Chinese and Japanese. With important changes of methodology and approach to the cultures and religions of Asia, the twentieth century has been an exciting and fruitful period for Oriental Studies in Britain.
These nine essays, commissioned on the initiative of the Philosophy section of the British Academy, address fundamental questions about time in philosophy, physics, linguistics, and psychology. Are there facts about the future? Could we affect the past? In physics, general relativity and quantum theory give contradictory treatments of time. So in the current search for a theory of quantum gravity, which should give way: general relativity or quantum theory? In linguistics and psychology, how does our language represent time, and how do our minds keep track of it?
'Elegantly designed and attractively produced... a manageable overview of the present state of scholarship which will be of value to beginner and advanced student alike. It will supply an authoritative addition to the literature on the urban history of both countries.' -The Economic History ReviewThese essays offer the first comparative analysis of the two great cities, London and Dublin, and their rise between the sixteenth and early nineteenth centuries. The contributors, all leading urban historians examine the physical growth of the cities, economic and social trends, governance and cultural significance. Throughout there is an awareness of the interaction between London and Dublin and their national societies. This volume is a major contribution not only to urban studies but also to British and Irish history in general.
Why did Plato put mathematics at the heart of education for the rulers of his ideal city? Why has mathematics played such a central role in Western philosophy? And just how do we acquire knowledge of necessary truths? Three philosophers of international repute tackle these questions. M. F. Burnyeat brings out Plato's distinctive vision of the world as it objectively is: the structures of mathematics are also the structures that express the nature of the human soul and the soul that governs the world. Ian Hacking highlights the phenomena associated with the actual experience of proof, which so impressed philosopher-mathematicians like Descartes and Leibniz and onlookers like Plato and Wittgenstein. Jonathan Bennett explores modal discovery in Locke and Leibniz, and the infallibility of reason in Descartes and Spinoza. The answers offered by these distinguished scholars make a significant contribution to our understanding of some of the great thinkers of the past.
In recent years there has been growing concern about the effectiveness and legitimacy of public decision making about risk, sparked by a series of high profile issues that have made headline news. These ten essays analyse the public understanding of risk and the policy making process. BSE, vaccination, genetically modified crops and the regulation of chemicals are looked at as case studies. These essays will be of interest to general political scientists, sociologists and specialists in public policy, as well as those specifically working in the field of risk analysis.