Moses Maimonides (1135-1204), scholar, physician, and philosopher, was the most influential Jewish thinker of the Middle Ages. In this magisterial new biography, the work of many years, Herbert Davidson provides an exhaustive guide to Maimonides' life and works. After considering Maimonides' upbringing and education, Davidson expounds all of his voluminous writings in exhaustive detail, with separate chapters on rabbinic, philosophical, and medical texts. This long-awaited volume is destined to become the standard work on this towering figure of Western intellectual history.
Essential Figures in Jewish Scholarship compiles thorough but manageable entries on the figures most vital to an understanding the scholarship of the post-Talmudic era. Despite the fact that these scholars have been of great importance to the continued interpretation of religious texts for more than a millennium, they are typically not given as much attention as their Talmudic-era predecessors. In this valuable reference, Dr. Ronald L. Eisenberg catalogs and explains the importance of more than two hundred figures who are most vital to an understanding of the teachings of the post-Talmudic rabbis. For these figures, who fall into the categories of Geonim (rabbis writing from 600–1100), Rishonim (1100—1500), and Acharonim (1500–present day), Eisenberg provides summaries of major teachings and scholarly contributions, as well as biographical information and illustrative quotations from relevant writings.
Abraham Ben David von Posquieres wirkte als Richter, Rechtsgutachter und Talmudkommentator des 12. Jahrhunderts in verschiedenen judischen Gemeinden Sudfrankreichs. Die Veroffentlichung, die eine fruhere Publikation fortsetzt, enthalt ausgewahlte Rechtsentscheide Abraham Ben Davids zu den Bereichen Erb- und Vormundschaftsrecht, zum Recht der Schuldverhaltnisse und zum Sachenrecht. Thematisiert werden in dieser Publikation auch die Rechtsbeziehungen von Juden und Nichtjuden auf dem Gebiet des Geldhandels und der Pfandleihe."
With a user-friendly A to Z layout, this volume contains 1,200 entries on the men and women who have influenced the course of Christian history. Founding fathers, monarchs, Popes, saints, philanthropists, heretics, theologians, and missionaries are profiled with detailed bibliographic information on each prominent figure. Glossary and Chronological table.
The Reader's Guide to Judaism is a survey of English-language translations of the most important primary texts in the Jewish tradition. The field is assessed in some 470 essays discussing individuals (Martin Buber, Gluckel of Hameln), literature (Genesis, Ladino Literature), thought and beliefs (Holiness, Bioethics), practice (Dietary Laws, Passover), history (Venice, Baghdadi Jews of India), and arts and material culture (Synagogue Architecture, Costume). The emphasis is on Judaism, rather than on Jewish studies more broadly.